Structural Design in Seismic Areas

Major: Industrial and Civil Construction
Code of subject: 7.192.01.M.017
Credits: 5.00
Department: Building Constructions and Bridges
Lecturer: Ph.D., assoc. prof. Vegera Pavlo Ivanovych
Semester: 2 семестр
Mode of study: денна
Мета вивчення дисципліни: Getting to know the causes and mechanisms of earthquakes and the principles of zoning the earth's surface according to seismic activity; mastering the essence of the work of building materials, structural elements, and their connections under the action of dynamic loads such as seismic; understanding of seismic load determination methods; formation of practical skills regarding the calculation of building structures for seismic loads; acquisition of creative skills in the design of monolithic and prefabricated reinforced concrete, large-panel, and brick buildings in seismic areas; familiarization with the methods of predicting earthquakes and seismic protection of buildings.
Завдання: As a result of studying the discipline, the specialist must possess general and professional competencies, namely knowing: general competences: ZK 11. Knowledge and understanding of the subject area and understanding of the profession ZK 15. Skills in using information and communication technologies, implementing computer programs, and using existing ones; professional competences: FC 2. Basic knowledge in the field of construction and architecture necessary for mastering professionally oriented disciplines; FC 3. Basic knowledge of scientific concepts, theories, and methods is necessary to understand the principles of building structures. FC 5. The ability to compile, draw up and operate technical documentation when solving specific engineering and technical tasks of the "Industrial and civil construction" specialization; FC 10. Ability to apply professional knowledge and practical skills to solve typical problems of the specialty; FCS 1.1. The ability to conduct comprehensive marketing research of services for the design, installation, and operation of buildings and structures, to develop and implement an adequate price and sales policy of enterprises in the specialization of PCB; FCS 1.4. The ability to analyze the current state and directions of construction development;
Learning outcomes: PRN 1. Possession of sufficient knowledge in fields related to the disciplines of PCB, which will provide an opportunity to critically analyze the situation and determine critical trends in the development of the industry; PRN 6. Deepening of knowledge in the specialization of industrial and civil construction, design of metal structures, design of reinforced concrete and stone structures, design of bases and foundations, design of wooden structures, design in seismic areas, development of construction technologies of buildings and structures PRN 8. Knowledge and understanding of the methodologies of design and modernization of objects in the specialization of PCB by the regulatory requirements of current standards and technical conditions; PRNS 3. Systematically think and apply creative abilities to the formation of fundamentally new ideas in the field of design, installation, and operation of buildings and structures; PRNS 4. Apply knowledge of technical characteristics and technological features of product formation and implementation in the specialization of PCB; PRNS 7. Work effectively both individually and as part of a team; PRNS 9. Combine theory and practice, as well as make decisions and develop an actionable strategy to solve the tasks of the industry, taking into account universal human values and public, state, and industrial interests; PRNS 10. Carry out appropriate research and apply research skills in the field of design, installation, and operation of buildings and structures; PRNS 11. Critically evaluate the obtained results of activities and defend the decisions made with arguments; PRNS 12. Use knowledge in practice, apply methodical tools of knowledge in the design, installation, and operation of buildings and structures, analyze research results in the context of existing theories, and draw appropriate conclusions.
Required prior and related subjects: Strength of Materials Construction mechanics Structures for earthquake-resistant construction Design of steel structures Designing structures from timber and plastics Automated design in construction Design of reinforced concrete and masonry structures
Summary of the subject: This discipline is dedicated to studying work under seismic effects of statically indeterminate structures, hanging structures, prestressed reinforced concrete structures, their design, and calculations. Work on the dynamic effects of buildings of hydro-technical complexes, joint work of soil massifs, and foundations of earthquake-resistant structures is studied.
Опис: Chapter 1. Violent seismic oscillations and their impact on long structures. Topic 1. The effect of long buildings on their torsional vibrations. Chapter 2. Hanging coverings and sloping shells under seismic influences. Frequencies and forms of oscillations of buildings with complex structural schemes. Topic 1. Design of earthquake-resistant suspended coatings and sloping shells. Topic 2. The influence of the lengths of the spans of suspended coverings and sloping shells on their forms of oscillations Chapter 3. Dynamic characteristics of elastic-plastic materials and their consideration in the design of earthquake-resistant structures Topic 1. Elastic plastic work of concrete and steel under repeated loads Topic 2. Strength of materials with low cycle repeated loads. Topic 3. Dynamic stiffnesses of statically indeterminate structures Topic 4. Characteristics of damping during oscillations of structures made of different building materials Chapter 4. Design of prestressed concrete structures for operation under seismic influences Topic 1. Design experience and consequences of earthquakes for prestressed reinforced concrete structures. Taking into account constructive solutions of pre-stressed reinforced concrete structures when calculating for seismic actions. Topic 2. Seismic resistance of prestressed concrete columns and bent structures Chapter 5. Design of complex hydrotechnical complexes in areas of increased seismic activity Topic 1. General principles of designing earthquake-resistant buildings, roads and structures. Topic 2. Slopes and slopes. Potentially liquefied soils and increased soil subsidence under cyclic loads Topic 3. GTS calculations by the direct dynamic method. Topic 4. Calculation of GTS by the linear-spectral method Topic 5. Measures to increase seismic resistance of hydrotechnical structures. Geodynamic monitoring. Topic 6. Seismic isolation systems and their application in the design of GTS Chapter 6. Seismic isolation design and seismic monitoring (monitoring) Topic 1. Monitoring of seismic activity. Topic 2. Seismic isolation Topic 3. Design of seismic isolation systems of buildings.
Assessment methods and criteria: Lectures and laboratory classes: information-receptive method; problem statement method: Independent work: reproductive method 1. Current control in the form of defending laboratory works. 2. Control test in the form of control work.
Критерії оцінювання результатів навчання: Laboratory works 40 points Control test 60 points
Порядок та критерії виставляння балів та оцінок: 100–88 points – ("excellent") is awarded for a high level of knowledge (some inaccuracies are allowed) of the educational material of the component contained in the primarly and additional recommended literary sources, the ability to analyze the phenomena being studied in their interrelationship and development, clearly, succinctly, logically, consistently answer the questions, the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 87–71 points – ("good") is awarded for a generally correct understanding of the educational material of the component, including calculations, reasoned answers to the questions posed, which, however, contain certain (insignificant) shortcomings, for the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical tasks; 70 – 50 points – ("satisfactory") awarded for weak knowledge of the component's educational material, inaccurate or poorly reasoned answers, with a violation of the sequence of presentation, for weak application of theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 49-26 points - ("not certified" with the possibility of retaking the semester control) is awarded for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 25-00 points - ("unsatisfactory" with mandatory re-study) is awarded for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to navigate when solving practical problems, ignorance of the main fundamental provisions.
Recommended books: 1. Karhut I.I. Design and construction in areas with increased seismic activity. Education manual. Publishing House of Lviv Polytechnic, Lviv, 2015, 216 p. 2. DBN V.1.1-12:2006 Construction in seismic regions of Ukraine 3. Polyakov S.V., Bobrov F.B. etc. Design of earthquake-resistant structures. M.: 1971.; 4. Korchinsky I.L., Borodyn L.A. etc. Earthquake-resistant construction completed. M. 1971; 5. Nemchinov Yu.I. Seismic resistance of buildings and structures. Ch 1. Kyiv. 2008. – 480 p 7. Dorofeev V.S., Egupov K.V., Soroka N.N., Murashko A.V. Seismic resistance of buildings. Odesa. 2006. – 53 p. 8. Yegupov V.K. Calculation of buildings for strength, stability and fluctuations / V.K. Yegupov. - Kyiv: Budivelnyk, 1965. - 256 p.
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