Major: Computer Еngineering
Code of subject: 8.123.00.M.028
Credits: 3.00
Department: Department of Theory of Law and Constitutionalism
Lecturer: Tokarska Antonina Semenivna
Semester: 3 семестр
Mode of study: денна
Мета вивчення дисципліни: The purpose of teaching the academic discipline is the formation of knowledge about the basics of rhetoric, the peculiarities of influencing listeners and their beliefs, achieving success in conveying one's goals and tasks to them by means of eloquence, and the ability to build a speech persuasively with proper argumentation and the use of eloquence.
Завдання: General competences: 1. The ability to learn the basics of general spiritual culture. 2. Orientation to the culture of thinking and communication. 3. The ability to produce academic, sociocultural, and professional presentations. 4. Delivering a well-formed idea of his speech by means of rhetorical art. Professional competences: 1. To teach effective communication technology, which is an unconditional evidence of communicative competence, understanding the secrets of the art of verbal expression and influence on the audience, guided by existing legal acts and standards of professional activity. 2. To form a system of knowledge about eloquence, rhetoric as a science and art, about the process of emergence and development of rhetoric as a science, about practical aspects of general rhetoric. 3. To form such qualities of communication as correctness, accuracy, logic, purity, effectiveness, expressiveness. 4. Create coherent, correctly constructed logical texts on various topics in accordance with communicative intentions and communication situations; participation in dialogic and polylogical situations of communication. 5. To learn to understand and use visual means and practical provisions of rhetoric in scientific work. To develop the need to acquire scientific knowledge about the basics of eloquence, to form a culture of communication.
Learning outcomes: The main problematic tasks of rhetoric, scientific concepts and categories, based on knowledge of their traditional and modern explanations and formulations. 2. To explain the content of concepts and categories of rhetoric, to reveal their most important features and connections with other concepts and categories, to demonstrate one's vision of basic scientific ideas. 3. To be able to formulate one's own scientific ideas, to reveal their content in detail, relying on relevant concepts. 4. Conduct an extended monologue (lecture) on professional issues; effective, constructive conversation on any topic from the circle of interests of a cultured, highly educated person; 5. Possess the ethical principles of monologic and dialogic public speaking; 6. To form an individual image of the orator, one's own oratorical style on the basis of the humanistic rhetorical ideal; 7. To prepare a public speech in various genres of eloquence, to give a general rhetorical assessment of the effectiveness of thinking and speech activity and to improve the technique of one's own oral speech (diction, modulation of the sound of the voice, intonation, etc.). 8. Apply progressive and rationally balanced methods of mastering knowledge; to navigate in scientific and periodical literature and information on the problems of rhetoric; prepare speeches on the issues of solving social conflicts at various levels (court, conference, debate, scientific report, review, report, etc.). be able: 1. Use the state literary language both orally and in writing. 2. To demonstrate value-semantic competence, which means the ability, based on awareness of one's role and purpose, creative orientation, the ability to choose target and meaningful attitudes for one's actions and deeds, to make decisions, to form values. 3. To have general cultural competence: to project the main features of national and general human culture, the spiritual and moral foundations of human life and humanity, individual nations, the foundations of family, social, societal phenomena and traditions, the role of science and religion in human life, their influence on worldview and being . 4. To master educational and cognitive competence, which includes elements of logical, methodological and heuristic activity; the ability to use real objects and information technologies to form the ability to independently search, analyze and select the necessary information, organize, transform, store and transmit it. 5. Demonstrate communicative competence and the ability to effectively interact with people, team work skills
Required prior and related subjects: Previous: Worldview and methodological problems of legal understanding Next: Practical psychology
Summary of the subject: Rhetoric is the science of persuasion through words, the art of speaking. This competency is related to both speaking and texting. Oratory and rhetoric have always occupied a significant place in classical scientific traditions. Their formation coincides with periods of the greatest flowering of culture. Rhetoric is an interdisciplinary science, it has traditional connections with philosophy, communication theory, ethics, logic, politics, psychology, jurisprudence, and stylistics. Classical rhetoric stated the need for professional work, which should not be separated from scientific truth and ethics; "successful improvisation is possible only thanks to deep knowledge and rich experience. The speech should be made not in order to impress, but in order to achieve understanding. Rhetorical knowledge is actualized by modern circumstances in a post-industrial society, for which information is the most important resource, in which new information technologies appear, new scientific thinking is formed, and a new philosophy of communication is maturing. Discourse, narrative, speech and the processes of their perception are analyzed in modern rhetoric, which evolves thanks to the development of humanitarian studies and the theory of mass communication in modern culture. The availability of future scientists with practical knowledge in the field of preparation, writing and the technique of delivering speeches will ensure greater effectiveness of their activities, which will be associated with the achievement of personal and socially significant goals in the scientific field. The ability to appeal to consciousness and the emotional sphere of verbal and non-verbal communication will be the key to the implementation of the strategy of socio-cultural success. Based on observations and analysis, create a "portrait of the audience"; ? analyze and choose a professional genre that corresponds to a specific situation and create an effective speech composition; ? conduct an extended monologue, an effective conversation on professional issues; ? solve communicative tasks in a specific situation; ? logically correct, accurate, ethical and emotional expression of thoughts in accordance with the content, communication conditions and addressee, striving to create an individual style; ? to master polemical art (dispute, polemic, discussion); ? systematically analyze the entire communicative process (reflection).
Опис: Rhetoric as an educational discipline. Distinction between rhetoric, oratorical art, eloquence and the art of speaking. Ancient Greek rhetoric. Classical rhetoric. Development of eloquence. Traditions of oratory in modern times. Modern rhetoric: general and special. The concept of communication. Classical canons of rhetoric. Genres and types of oratorical art. Basic forms of an oratorical monologue. The image of the speaker. Interaction of the speaker with the audience. The image of the speaker. Requirements for the speaker. Communication between the speaker and the audience (audio, visual, etc.). Barriers in communication. Speech structure. The main part of the speech. Introduction. Why? As? The use of trending words and the danger of abusing them. Use of intrigue; a metaphor An exciting event (fact, story) for introduction. The beginning of the performance with rhetorical questions to the audience. Using sincere and kind words/compliments. Citation of authoritative people for science and society. The main part. Formation of conclusions. Purpose of public speaking. Speech. Event and message. Typology of eloquence. The logic of the performance. Logos as a category of classical rhetoric. Logic as the main feature of speech and text. Ethos as a moral principle. Three categories of rhetoric as three scientific criteria, filters for speeches: truth (logos), sincerity (ethos), appropriateness of speech behavior (pathos). Persuasiveness of discourse. The speaker's belief in his idea. Diplomatic etiquette. Knowledge of the hierarchy of values. Culture and speech style in oral communication. Figurative language: means of its creation. Anaphora, antithesis, metaphor, rhetorical question, synecdoche, alliteration, assonance, hyperbole, epithet, etc. Other linguistic means of expression: phraseological units, catchphrases, quotes, aphorisms, proverbs. Orthoepic and accentuation norms of speech. Normativity of modern oral discourse. Norms of stress near sonorous words. Logical emphasis on individual words: sentences. Non-verbal means in rhetoric. The concept of "non-verbal symbols and means" in rhetoric. Sign language and its distinction. Differentiation of non-verbal means of communication in different cultures of the world. Analysis of the speeches of famous rhetoricians. The shortest inaugural speech (133 words) by J. Washington. The longest is 8,578 words by William Harrison. The talent to present an idea briefly and clearly. Samples of the best speeches of scientists and politicians. Speech on an unexpected topic. Forming a list of unexpected topics: a) from science; b) from law; c) on medical topics. The "hot seat" technique - verbal improvisation. "Wikipedia exercise" - conversation (5 min.) on any topic. Loss of logical thought (forgetfulness). Transition to another point of the report is a way out of their situation. Repetition of what has already been said. Moving on to a related topic. Questions for the audience.
Assessment methods and criteria: The methods of assessing the level of achievement of learning outcomes of education seekers are: oral survey at practical (seminar) classes; control work; performance of an individual research task; final control work.
Критерії оцінювання результатів навчання: Evaluation of the student's learning results is carried out based on PC results in accordance with the 100-point evaluation scale established at the University. Current control (PC): practical (seminar) classes – 30 points; written test - 10 points; individual research task - 10 points; final test - 50 points.
Порядок та критерії виставляння балів та оцінок: 00–88 points – (“excellent”) is awarded for a high level of knowledge (some inaccuracies are allowed) of the educational material of the component contained in the main and additional recommended literary sources, the ability to analyze the phenomena being studied, in their relationship and development, clearly, succinctly, logically, consistently answer the questions, the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 87–71 points – (“good”) is awarded for a generally correct understanding of the educational material of the component, including calculations, reasoned answers to the questions posed, which, however, contain certain (insignificant) shortcomings, for the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical tasks; 70 – 50 points – (“satisfactory”) awarded for weak knowledge of the component’s educational material, inaccurate or poorly reasoned answers, with a violation of the sequence of presentation, for weak application of theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 49-26 points - ("not certified" with the possibility of retaking the semester control) is awarded for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 25-00 points - ("unsatisfactory" with mandatory re-study) is awarded for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to navigate when solving practical problems, ignorance of the main fundamental provisions.
Recommended books: 1. Tokarska A. S. Educational and methodological guide to the philosophical and legal culture of a scientific text. Lviv, 2020. 190 p. 2. Working program on rhetoric for postgraduate students of Lviv Polytechnic University. Lviv, 2021. 16 p. 3. Methodical guidelines on rhetoric for postgraduate students of specialty 053 – psychology. Lviv, 2021. 20 p. 4. Abramovich S. D., Chikarkova M. Yu. Rhetoric. Lviv: Svit, 2001. 240 p. 5. Babych N. D Basics of speech culture. Lviv: Svit, 1990. 295 p. 6. WOW speech in Ukrainian. Know-how of a modern speaker / Andrii Stepura. 2nd edition Dnipro: Monolith, 2019. 304 p. 7. Hrytsaenko L. M. Basics of eloquence: teaching. manual. Kyiv. national University of Technology and Design. K.: KNUTD, 2013. 245 p. 8. Canosa P. S. Rhetoric: teaching. manual. Kamianets-Podil. national University named after Ivan Ohienko. Kamianets-Podilskyi: D. G. Zvoleyko (ed.), 2011. 207 p. 9. Kunch Z. Y. Ukrainian rhetoric: history of formation and development: teaching. manual / Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sports of Ukraine, National Lviv Polytechnic University. Lviv: View of Lviv. polytechnics, 2011. 247 p. 10. Matsko A. I., Matsko O. M. Rhetoric: education. manual. K., 2006. 311 p. 11. Oratory: teaching method. manual. author-compiler: I. M. Plotnytska and others; under the editorship I. M. Plotnytska, O. P. Levchenko; National Acad. state example under the President of Ukraine. 2nd ed., pp. K.: NADU, 2011. 126 p. 12. Trebin M. P. and others. Oratory: a textbook / edited by M. P. Trebin, G. P. Klimova. X.: Pravo, 2013. 207 p. 13. Osypova N. B., Vodnik V. D., Klimova T. P. Oratory: education. manual for university students education closing law special X.: Odyssey, 2007. 144 p.
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