Modern Technologies for the Production of Base oils and Hydrocarbon Gas Processing

Major: Chemical Technologies of Fuel and Carbon Materials
Code of subject: 7.161.05.E.022
Credits: 7.00
Department: Chemical Technology of Oil and Gas Processing
Lecturer: Serhiy Pyshyev Petro Topilnytskyy
Semester: 2 семестр
Mode of study: денна
Learning outcomes: As a result of the study of the discipline, the student must be able to demonstrate the following learning outcomes: - understand the principles of creating technological schemes of installations for obtaining MM; - to know the influence of the main factors on the processes used in the production of MM; - explain the principles of operation of the main apparatus of the aforementioned installations. - to carry out the analysis of the work of the technological installation of production MM; - perform the calculation of the main apparatus at a given operating mode and determine its optimal performance; - to propose changes in the current scheme of production of basic mineral oils with the inclusion of new technological installations that will increase the quality or output of finished products. - properties of hydrocarbon systems, individual hydrocarbons and their mixtures; - preparation of gases and condensates for processing; - methods of gas processing, technological schemes of these methods, operating parameters and ways to improve the main components of the scheme.
Required prior and related subjects: Previous educational disciplines Physico-chemical bases of technology of production of lubricants. Technology of applications, reagents and auxiliary products. Modern technologies of processing of combustible fossil fuels Related and subsequent disciplines Equipment and construction materials Himmotology Processing technology of oil and gas condensate
Summary of the subject: 1. Introductory lesson. Course task. Modern requirements for mineral oils. Dependence of the properties of base oils from the composition and the current scheme of their production. 2. Deasphalcation of tar with light n-alkanes. Brief Theoretical Foundations. Technological scheme. Directions of technology improvement. Technological design of technology improvement (column modernization, ROSE process) 3. Selective purification. Brief Theoretical Foundations. Technological scheme of selective purification by phenol. Technological scheme of selective purification by furfural. Directions of technology improvement. Technological design of technology improvement (selective purification with N-methylpyrrolidone, reconstruction of selective purification by phenol). 4. Installations of extractive crystallization (blocks of crystallization and filtration). Brief Theoretical Foundations. Technological scheme. Directions of technology improvement. Technological design of technology improvement (scheme using pulsation mixing crystallizer) 5. Installations for adsorption separation (purification) of oil fractions. Brief Theoretical Foundations. Place in the current scheme. Technological scheme of the installation of adsorption separation (block of adsorption). 6. Hydrogenation processes of processing of oil fractions. Brief Theoretical Foundations. Place in the current scheme (hydroizomerization, hydrocleaning, hydrocracking). Hydrocracking scheme for the production of olive components 7. Manufacture of plastic greases. Brief Theoretical Foundations. Technological scheme. 8. Raw material base of gas processing industry 9. Phase equilibrium of hydrocarbon systems. Basic equations for determining the coefficients of volatility and activity of hydrocarbons. Methods for determining equilibrium. 10. Thermophysical properties of individual hydrocarbons and their mixtures. Boiling point, saturated vapor pressure, critical parameters, compression ratio, density, molar volume, enthalpy, heat capacity, viscosity, thermal conductivity. 11. Gas drying. Methods of prevention of hydrate formation, methods of gas drying. 12. Purification of gases from hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide and sulfur-containing organic compounds. 13. Processing of gases by condensation. Technological schemes of gas processing by the method of low-temperature condensation with external, internal and combined refrigeration cycles. 14. Processing of gases by absorption. Technological schemes of modern low-temperature absorption units, operating parameters and ways to improve the main components of the scheme. 15. Gas processing by low-temperature rectification. 16. Technology of gas condensate processing. 17. Equipment of gas processing processes. The main characteristics of the separating equipment. Separators, condensers, compressors, refrigeration machines, absorption distillation columns.
Assessment methods and criteria: Written reports on laboratory work, oral questioning (15%), WGR (15%) final control (70%, exam): written oral form (70%)
Recommended books: Basic 1. Bratychak MM, Grinishyn O. B. Oil and gas technology. - Lviv: View of NU "LP", 2013.- 180 p. 2. Chernozhukov N.I. Technology of oil and gas processing. Part III. - M .: Chemistry. - 1978 - 308 pp. Auxiliary 3. Chernozhukov NI, Kerin SE, Losikov B.V. Chemistry of mineral oils. - Moscow: Gostoptehizdat. - 1959 - 415 pp. 4. Chemistry of oil and gas / Ed. VA Proskuryakova and A.E. Drabkina - L.: Chemistry. - 1981 5. Gureev AA, Fuksh I.N., Lakhshi V.P. Chemotology. - M .: Chemistry. - 1986 - 368 pp. 6. Sulimov V.D. Production of aromatic hydrocarbons from petroleum raw materials. - M .: Chemistry. - 1975. - 303 pp. 7. Usachev V.V. Carbamide dewaxing. - M.: Chemistry. - 1967. - 235 p. 8. Gerasimov Ya.N. and other course of physical chemistry. Volume. 1. - M .: Chemistry. - 1969. - 592 p.