Special Technological Processes of Synthesis and Modyfiyng of Polymers

Major: Chemical Technologies of High-molecular Compounds
Code of subject: 7.161.07.O.006
Credits: 6.00
Department: Chemical Technology of Plastics Processing
Lecturer: Associate Professor Moravskyi Volodymyr
Semester: 1 семестр
Mode of study: денна
Learning outcomes: • Know the technological features of obtaining industrial high-molecular compounds, plastics and composites; • Know the technological scheme of industrial polymers; • know the basic physical, mechanical, technological and operational properties of polymers depending on the method of receipt; • Know the application of polymer modified products and plastics based on them; • have recent advances in synthesis and modification of macromolecular compounds.
Required prior and related subjects: • Basics of polymer chemistry, • Chemical Technology of Macromolecular Synthesis, • The structure and properties of macromolecular compounds • New technologies in the production of high-molecular compounds.
Summary of the subject: Controlled radical polymerization. The methods of controlled radical polymerization. Controlled synthesis of macromolecules on the mechanism of transfer of the atom. Controlled radical polymerization. Polymerization of vinyl monomers on the mechanism of recombination-dissociation. Polymerization of the transmission chain by joining mechanism-fragmentation. The application of controlled radical polymerisation for the synthesis of copolymers. Controlled radical polymerization in the production of materials. Metalotsenovi and postmetalotsenovi polymerization catalysts. The use of supercritical media in the process of obtaining polymers and composite materials. Supercritical CO2 processes of polymers. Purification and fractionation of polymers using supercritical media. Modification of polymer surfaces and manufacturing membranes. Ionic liquids in the synthesis of polymers. Polymerization in ionic media. Polycondensation in ionic solvents. Classification of methods of polymer modification. The main methods of physical modification of polymers. The main methods of chemical modification of polymers. Combined methods of modification. Justification of the choice of the polymer and the method of modification. The general patterns of chemical modification reactions of polymers. Features of chemical modification of polymers. Methods of chemical modification of polymers. Chemically modified polymers of unsaturated hydrocarbons and their halogen derivatives. Chlorinated polyethylene. Sulfohlorovannyy polyethylene. Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride. Modified polystyrene (shockproof polystyrene, ABC-plastics). Polymer alcohols and their derivatives. Polyvinyl alcohol. Polivinilatsetali. Poliallilovyy alcohol and its esters. Cellulose ethers and plastics based on them. Cellulose esters. Cellulose nitrate. Cellulose ethers. Plastics based on cellulose ethers. Synthetic ion exchange materials. Methods of obtaining resins. Synthetic polymers cation (cation). Synthetic polymers anion exchange (anion). Selective complexing resin. Redox polymers. Soluble polyelectrolytes. With ionite membrane. Carbon fiber. Production of carbon fibers and their properties. Carbon fibers based on polyacrylonitrile. Devices for heat treatment processes PAN-fibers. Carbon fiber based hidrattselyulozy. Carbon fiber with polivinilspyrtovoho fiber. Carbon fiber with fiber "Saran". Carbon fiber from oil and coal pekiv. Carbon fiber with phenol-formaldehyde fibers. Surface modification of polymeric materials. Plasma-chemical surface modification of polymeric materials. The basic properties of low-temperature plasma. Basic physical and chemical processes occurring under the action of plasma polymer materials. Change the contact surface properties of polymers.
Assessment methods and criteria: • written reports on laboratory work, oral examination (30%) • final control (70% control measure, exam), written-oral form (70%)
Recommended books: 1. Суберляк, О.В. Теоретичні основи хімії та технології полімерів: навч. посібник / О.В. Суберляк, В.Й. Скорохода, Н.Б. Семенюк. – Львів: в-во НУ ЛП, 2014. – 336 с. 2. Піліховський, Ян Я. Технологія пластичних мас: навч. посібник / Я.Я. Піліховський, А.А. Пушинський; ІСДО. - К.: ІСДО, 1995. - 312 с. 3. Усачева, Т.С. Общая химическая технология полимеров: учеб. пособие / Т.С. Усачева, В.А. Козлов. – Іваново: Иван. гос. хим.-технол. ун-т, 2012. - 238 с. 4. Адяева Л.В. Полиолефины. Производство полипропилена. I часть. Учебное пособие / Л.В. Адяева, Е.П. Мещеряков, С.В. Корнеев. - Омск: Изд-во ОмГТУ, 2009. - 91 с. 5. Белокурова А.П. Химия и технология получения полиолефинов. Учебное пособие / А.П. Белокурова, Т.А. Агеева. – Іваново: ИГХТУ, 2011. - 126 с.