Physical Nuclear Safety

Major: Nuclear Рower Еngineering
Code of subject: 7.143.01.O.005
Credits: 4.00
Department: Heat Engineering and Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants
Lecturer: Taras Kravets, Ph.D., Associate Professor
Semester: 1 семестр
Mode of study: денна
Мета вивчення дисципліни: Formation of applicants' understanding of fundamental principles of safety, ability to predict and warn of danger, knowledge of requirements and regulatory and legal regulation of NPP safety; knowledge of security systems and their characteristics; understanding of emergency processes and the ability to analyze them, knowledge of the power unit management strategy in the event of accidents, as well as acquiring primary skills in dealing with a violation of normal operation, design and extra-design accidents.
Завдання: The study of an educational discipline involves the formation of competencies in students of education: - general competencies: ZK1: the ability to learn and master modern knowledge; ZK7: the ability to identify and assess risks; - professional competences: FK2: the ability to apply existing and develop new methods, techniques, technologies and procedures for solving complex engineering tasks in the field of nuclear energy; FK5: ability to investigate and define a problem and identify constraints, including those related to environmental protection, sustainable development, health and safety and risk assessments in the field of nuclear energy; FK11: the ability to reasonably apply normative legal acts, norms, rules and standards regarding atomic energy in professional activity; - professional competences of a professional direction FCS2.1: know the types and sources of ionizing radiation, doses of ionizing radiation, objects, methods of dosimetry, basic technical characteristics of dosimetry.
Learning outcomes: As a result of studying the academic discipline, the student must be able to demonstrate the following learning outcomes: - the ability to know the principles and criteria of physical safety of nuclear plants, as well as to apply them in practice; - to know the purpose, composition, characteristics, blocking and modes of operation, as well as the conditions of operation of the safety systems of emergency systems; - to know the basics and procedure of the emergency response plan at the site of nuclear power plants; - to be able to apply the basic laws of atomic physics and heat and mass transfer during the analysis of design accidents; – to be able to connect the fundamental principles of safety and basic provisions on safety with their implementation in NPP projects; – to be able to analyze the operation of safety systems during design accidents and emergency situations; - be able to analyze, predict and warn of danger in pre-accident situations; - to be able to analyze the entire complex of processes in case of severe accidents; - to be able to transfer the power unit to a safe state in case of design accidents.
Required prior and related subjects: Energy security, Protection against ionizing radiation; Fundamentals of labor protection and life safety; Emergency processes and safety systems at nuclear power plants; Professional and civil safety.
Summary of the subject: The legal regulation of the use of nuclear energy in Ukraine and the fundamental principles of safety at nuclear power plants, as well as the basic provisions on the physical security of nuclear facilities are considered. The systems of safety of nuclear power plants, their purpose and modes of operation in emergency situations are given. The issues of non-design and freelance accidents at nuclear power facilities, their scope and stages of elimination work are considered.
Опис: Introduction. Tasks and structure of the course. The importance and role of physical nuclear safety in atomic energy. History of NPP safety development. The goal of physical nuclear security. Formulation and application of 10 safety principles according to the IAEA. The purpose, tasks and structure of normative and legal regulation in the legislation of Ukraine. Criteria and principles of security. Technical and organizational principles of safety at nuclear power plants. Location of nuclear power plants, their design, construction and commissioning. Nuclear power plant operation and decommissioning. General principles of the basics of designing security systems. Types of security systems and trends in their development in view of today's achievements in science and technology. Protective, localizing and providing security systems, their purpose and characteristics. Modes of operation of security systems in emergency conditions. Design, non-design and severe accidents at NPPs. Methods and approaches, procedure and stages of work on their prevention and prediction. Safety culture at the NPP. Analysis of NPP safety. NPP safety criteria. Risk from NPP. Methods of assessing the reliability of NPP safety systems.
Assessment methods and criteria: Current monitoring of practical classes is carried out in order to identify the student's readiness for classes in the following forms: • oral survey before the start of classes; • assessment of the student's activity in the course of classes, submitted proposals, original solutions, clarifications and definitions, additions to previous answers, etc.; • surveys and reports during the practical session. Examination control is carried out in the form of a written and oral survey and/or test control. The final control is carried out based on the results of the current control and semester examination control.
Критерії оцінювання результатів навчання: Current control - 30 points: - work in practical classes. Examination control - 70 points: - written component - 60 points; - oral component - 10 points.
Порядок та критерії виставляння балів та оцінок: 100–88 points – (“excellent”) is awarded for a high level of knowledge (some inaccuracies are allowed) of the educational material of the component contained in the main and additional recommended literary sources, the ability to analyze the phenomena being studied in their interrelationship and development, clearly, succinctly, logically, consistently answer the questions, the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 87–71 points – (“good”) is awarded for a generally correct understanding of the educational material of the component, including calculations, reasoned answers to the questions posed, which, however, contain certain (insignificant) shortcomings, for the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical tasks; 70 – 50 points – (“satisfactory”) awarded for weak knowledge of the component’s educational material, inaccurate or poorly reasoned answers, with a violation of the sequence of presentation, for weak application of theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 49-26 points - ("not certified" with the possibility of retaking the semester control) is awarded for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 25-00 points - ("unsatisfactory" with mandatory re-study) is awarded for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to navigate when solving practical problems, ignorance of the main fundamental provisions.
Recommended books: Basic literature 1. O.B. Samoilov, G.B. Usynin, A.M. Bakhmetyev. Safety of nuclear power plants. - M.: Energoatomizdat, 1989. 2. V.A. Voznesensky, V.V. Semenonov. VVER-1000 operating modes. Operator's library. Issue 12. - M.: Energoatomizdat, 1992. 3. Barbashev S.V., Zybnytskyi R.G., Shimchev S.A. The world of atomic energy / Ed. S.V. Barbasheva. - Zaporozhye: Dykoe Pole, 2007. - 112 p. 4. Nosovsky A.V. Life safety: Monograph. - K.: "Polytechnic", 2005. - 288 p. 5. Nosovsky A.V. Introduction to the security of nuclear technologies / A.V. Nosovsky, V.N. Vasylchenko, A.A. Pavlenko and others; Ed. A.V. Nosovsky - K.: Technika, 2006. - 360 p. 6. Herlyga V.A., Poltavchenko V.V., Skalozubov V.I. Fundamentals of safety of NPPs with water-water reactors: Textbook. allowance - K.: ISDO, 1993. - 264 p. 7. Samoilov O.B. Safety of nuclear power plants: Textbook. aid for universities / O. B. Samoilov, G. B. Usynin, A. M. Bakhmetyev. - M. Energoatomizdat, 1989. - 280 p. 8. Nosovsky A.V. The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant: the experience of overcoming. Learned lessons / A.V. Nosovsky, V.N. Vasylchenko A.A. Klyuchnikov, B.S. Priest; Ed. A.V. Nosovsky - K.: Technika, 2006. - 264 p. 9. Klyuchnikov A.A. Radioactive waste of nuclear power plants and methods of handling them / A.A. Klyuchnikov, E.M. Pazukhin, Yu.M. Shigera et al. - K: IPB NPP of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2005. - 487 p. 10. Begun V.V. Probabilistic analysis of the safety of nuclear plants (VAB): Textbook. manual / V. V. Begun, O. V. Gorbunov, I. N. Kadenko and others - K., 2000 - 568 p. 11. Behun V.V. Security culture at nuclear facilities / V.V. Begun, S.V. Begun, S.V. Shirokov, I.V. Kazachkov, V.V. Lytvynov, E.N. Pysmennyi. - K., 2009 - 363 p. 12. Lysychenko G.V., Khmil G.A., Barbashev S.V. Methodology of environmental risk assessment: [monograph]. – Odesa: Astroprint, 2011 – 368 p. 13. Nosovsky A.V. Radiation safety and protection at atomic electric stations: [monograph] / A.V. Nosovsky, V.I. Bogorad, V.N. Vasylchenko, A.A. Klyuchnikov, T.V. Lytvynskaya, A.Yu. Slepchenko; Ed. A. V. Nosovsky. - X.: Obepig, 2008. - 356 p. Supporting literature 14. F.Ya. Ovchinnikov, V.V. Semenonov. VVER operating modes. - M.: Energoatomizdat, 1989. 15. Law of Ukraine "On the Use of Nuclear Energy and Radiation Safety" 16. INSAG-12/ Basic safety principles for nuclear power plants 75-INSAG-3 rev. 1. IAEA, 1999. 17. Safety Report Series No. 30, Accident Analysis For Nuclear Power Plants with Pressurized Water Reactors, IEA, Vienna: 2003. 18. Standard technological regulations for the safe operation of NPP power units with VVER-1000 reactors. RG-B.0.03.179-09. 19. Volkov Y.V., Dugynov O.B., Klynov D.A. Reliability and safety of nuclear power plants: textbook. manual for the course "Reliability and safety of nuclear power plants". – Obninsk: IATE, 2006. 20. Polovko A.M., Gurov S.V. Basics of the theory of reliability. - 2nd ed. – St. Petersburg, VHC-Petersburg, 2006. 21. Khodarev I.G. Reliability and safety of nuclear power plants: Textbook. Allowance - Sevastopol: SNUYAEiP, 2010. - 360 p. 22. Radiation safety standards of Ukraine (NRBU-97); State hygienic standards. - K.: Polygraphy Department of the Ukrainian Center of State Sanitary and Elevation Supervision of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, - 1997. - 125 p. 23. Standards of radiation safety of Ukraine, supplement: Radiation protection from sources of potential radiation (NRBU-97/D-2000); Gosudarstvennye hygienicheskie normatovy GGN 6.6.1 – 6.5.061 – 2000. – K.: Official publication of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Committee on issues of hygienic regulation, 2000. – 78 p. 24. S.V. Barbashev, V.I. Skalozubov The radiation impact of the accident at the Fukushima-1 NPP on the environment and the population and the assessment of radiation risks based on its consequences from beyond-design accidents at the VVER-1000 NPP / Nuclear and radiation safety - Vol. 1, 2012. – P. 10 – 15. 25. K. Smith, T. Thatcher, D. Knudsen. Guide to work with the SAPHIRE program. - 2008. - 21-8 p. Information resources 1. http://nfr.energoatom.kiev.ua/
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