Dosimetry and Radioekology

Major: Nuclear Рower Еngineering
Code of subject: 7.143.01.E.020
Credits: 5.00
Department: Heat Engineering and Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants
Lecturer: Associate Professor, Ph. D. Matiko Halyna Fedorivna
Semester: 2 семестр
Mode of study: денна
Мета вивчення дисципліни: Formation in students knowledge about the types, properties and characteristics of ionizing radiation, doses of ionizing radiation, problems of radiation protection, requirements for radiation safety; acquisition of skills and competencies that ensure the ability to correctly choose dosimetric devices, apply methods of protection against ionizing radiation and radiation of other types, which will allow them to successfully solve tasks in their professional activities related to testing, debugging and operation of NPP power equipment.
Завдання: The study of an educational discipline involves the formation of competencies in students of education: general competences: ZK1: the ability to realize one's rights and responsibilities as a member of society, to realize the values ??of a civil (free democratic) society and the need for its sustainable development, the rule of law, the rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen in Ukraine; ZK11: skills of performing safe activities; professional competences: FC2: the ability to develop and implement measures to increase reliability and nuclear radiation safety in the design and operation of nuclear power complex equipment; FK7: ability to investigate and identify problems and identify constraints, including those related to legislative, environmental, sustainable development, health and safety and risk assessments in the nuclear power industry; FK8: the ability to take into account legal, social, environmental, ethical, economic and commercial considerations affecting the implementation of engineering solutions in the field of nuclear energy; FK11: the ability to develop plans and projects to ensure the achievement of the set goal, taking into account all aspects of the solved problem, including production, operation, maintenance and disposal of equipment of the nuclear power complex; FK12: the ability to ensure quality in the field of nuclear energy. FCS2.4: the ability to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of nuclear safety issues, in particular, to know the specifics of overloading and control over the operation of heat-emitting assemblies, accounting for nuclear fuel, the specifics of operating transformer lubricants.
Learning outcomes: PR2: understanding the broad interdisciplinary context of specialty 143 Nuclear power. Lectures and practical classes: information-receptive method, reproductive method, heuristic method, independent work: reproductive method. Current control: selective oral survey; speaking at classes, presentations, essays and presentations, tests, assessment of activity, submitted proposals, original solutions, etc. Examination control: written and oral survey, test control. PR4: identify, formulate and solve the problems of atomic energy; understand the importance of non-technical (societal, health and safety, environmental, economic and industrial) constraints. Practical classes: information-receptive method, reproductive method, heuristic method, independent work: reproductive method. Current control: selective oral survey; speaking at classes, presentations, essays and presentations, tests, assessment of activity, submitted proposals, original solutions, etc. Examination control: written and oral survey, test control. PR7: use scientific and technical literature, databases and other relevant sources of information for the development and justification of technical and managerial decisions in nuclear energy. Practical classes: information-receptive method, reproductive method, heuristic method, independent work: reproductive method. Current control: selective oral survey; performances in classes, practical work, presentation of reports, essays and presentations, tests, assessment of activity, submitted proposals, original solutions, etc. Examination control: written and oral survey, test control. PR9: know, understand and apply normative documents, engineering practice standards and safety rules when solving professional tasks. Practical classes: information-receptive method, reproductive method, heuristic method, independent work: reproductive method. Current control: selective oral survey; performances in classes, practical work, presentation of reports, essays and presentations, tests, assessment of activity, submitted proposals, original solutions, etc. Examination control: written and oral survey, test control. PR13: understand the non-technical (society, health and safety, environment, economy and industry) implications of engineering practice. Practical classes: information-receptive method, reproductive method, heuristic method, independent work: reproductive method. Current control: selective oral survey; performances in classes, practical work, presentation of reports, essays and presentations, tests, assessment of activity, submitted proposals, original solutions, etc. Examination control: written and oral survey, test control.
Required prior and related subjects: • Atomic Physics • Nuclear and Neutron Physics • Nuclear Power Plants, Part 1, 2 • Operating Modes of Nuclear Power Plants
Summary of the subject: The discipline provides for the study of types and sources of ionizing radiation, its main properties and characteristics. The interaction of ionizing radiation with matter, the main laws describing radiation are considered. The doses of ionizing radiation are considered, the objects, problems and methods of dosimetry, technical characteristics of dosimetry are highlighted. Particular attention is paid to the study of types of dosimetric devices, in particular ionizing radiation dosimeters, particle detectors, Geiger counters, scintillation counters, fluorescent, chemical, photographic counters, etc. Methods of protection against ionizing radiation, problems of radiation safety and features of radiation protection, as well as protection against radiation of various types are considered. The Law of Ukraine "On the Protection of Humans from the Impact of Ionizing Radiation" was analyzed.
Опис: IONIZING RADIATION Types of ionizing radiation. Sources of ionizing radiation. Basic properties and characteristics of ionizing radiation. X-RAY RADIATION The history of the discovery of X-ray radiation. Characteristics and practical application of X-ray radiation. INTERACTION OF IONIZING RADIATION WITH SUBSTANCE Laws describing radiation. Absorption of neutron and ionizing radiation. Ionization losses. DOSES OF IONIZING RADIATION Dosimetry of ionizing radiation. Objects, tasks and methods of dosimetry Technical characteristics of dosimetry. DOSIMETRIC DEVICES Types of dosimetric devices: ionizing radiation dosimeters. Particle detectors, Geiger counter, scintillation counters. Fluorescent, chemical, photographic counters, etc. PROTECTION AGAINST IONIZING RADIATION Problems of radiation safety. Radiation protection. Categories of irradiated persons. Protection from closed and open sources. Protection against radiation of various types. Law of Ukraine "On human protection from the effects of ionizing radiation".
Assessment methods and criteria: Current monitoring of practical classes is carried out in order to identify the student's readiness for classes in the following forms: • oral survey before the start of classes; • assessment of the student's activity in the course of classes, submitted proposals, original solutions, clarifications and definitions, additions to previous answers, etc.; • surveys and reports during the practical session. Examination control is carried out in the form of a written and oral survey and/or test control. The final control is carried out based on the results of the current control and semester examination control.
Критерії оцінювання результатів навчання: Current control (PC) - 30 points Examination control - 70 points (written component - 60 points, oral component - 10 points) Total for the discipline - 100 points
Порядок та критерії виставляння балів та оцінок: 100–88% – awarded for a high level of knowledge (some inaccuracies are allowed) of the educational material of the component contained in the main and additional recommended literary sources, the ability to analyze the phenomena being studied, in their relationship and development, clearly, succinctly, logically, consistently answer the questions, the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 87–80% – awarded for knowledge of the educational material of the component above the average level, including calculations, reasoned answers to the questions asked (a small number of inaccuracies are possible), the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 79–71% – a generally correct understanding of the educational material of the component, including calculations, reasoned answers to the questions, which, however, contain certain (insignificant) shortcomings, is awarded for the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 70–61% – awarded for mediocre knowledge of the educational material of the component, poorly reasoned answers, weak application of theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 60–50% – awarded for weak knowledge of the educational material of the component, inaccurate or poorly reasoned answers, with a violation of the sequence of presentation, for weak application of theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 49–26% – is presented for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 25-00% - awarded for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to navigate when solving practical problems, ignorance of the main fundamental provisions, failure to complete the task.
Recommended books: 1. Lopushansky Ya. J, Semerak M. M. Radiation safety. Ionizing radiation. Tutorial. – Lviv, LSU BDZ, 2016. – 256 p. 2. Lopushansky Ya. J, Semerak M. M. Collection of problems and questions in radiation physics. Tutorial. – Lviv, LSU BDZ, 2011. – 304 p. 3. Kozyar M. M., Lopushansky Ya. Y., Semerak M. M. Radiation safety. Nuclear energy. Tutorial. – Lviv, League Press, 2014. – 288 p. 4. The Law of Ukraine “About Protection of Man from the Effect of Ionizing Radiation”. Official Bulletin of Ukraine, February 26, 1998 – 1998, No. 6, p. 55, Article 211, Act Code 4826/1998.
Уніфікований додаток: Lviv Polytechnic National University ensures the realization of the right of persons with disabilities to obtain higher education. Inclusive educational services are provided by the Service of accessibility to learning opportunities "Without restrictions", the purpose of which is to provide permanent individual support for the educational process of students with disabilities and chronic diseases. An important tool for the implementation of the inclusive educational policy at the University is the Program for improving the qualifications of scientific and pedagogical workers and educational and support staff in the field of social inclusion and inclusive education. Contact at: St. Karpinsky, 2/4, 1st floor, room 112 E-mail: nolimits@lpnu.ua Websites: https://lpnu.ua/nolimits https://lpnu.ua/integration
Академічна доброчесність: The policy regarding the academic integrity of the participants of the educational process is formed on the basis of compliance with the principles of academic integrity, taking into account the norms "Regulations on academic integrity at the Lviv Polytechnic National University" (approved by the academic council of the university on June 20, 2017, protocol No. 35).