Combined Power Units of Heat Power Engineering Units

Major: Heat and Power Engineering
Code of subject: 7.144.02.O.002
Credits: 5.00
Department: Heat Engineering and Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants
Lecturer: associate proffesor, Ph.D. Kovalenko Tetiana Pavlivna
Semester: 1 семестр
Mode of study: денна
Мета вивчення дисципліни: Formation of education seekers' knowledge about the basic provisions and principles of combined production of electric and thermal energy; acquisition of skills and competencies that ensure the ability to correctly use knowledge during the calculation of combined power plants, which will make it possible to consolidate the acquired knowledge in practice and use it in the future at thermal power facilities.
Завдання: The study of an educational discipline involves the formation of competences in students of education: general competences: ZK1: knowledge of special sections of mathematics, to the extent necessary for mastering professionally oriented disciplines of the specialty; ZK3: the ability to search, analyze and critically evaluate information from various sources; ZK4: ability to use a foreign language in professional activities; ZK5: the ability to work both individually and in a team; ZK7: creativity, ability to system thinking; ZK9: understanding the need for lifelong learning and the transfer of acquired knowledge; ZK10: responsibility for the quality of the work performed; professional competences: FK2: the ability to apply knowledge and understanding of scientific concepts, theories and methods necessary to solve the problems of the synthesis of heat energy systems for controlling technological processes; FK4: the ability to choose optimization parameters, a method and an algorithm for optimizing a heat energy system for a specific task; FK5: the ability to use information and communication technologies, graphic editors and computer integrated environments for modeling and solving optimization problems of engineering activities; FK6: the ability to know and understand modern technologies of processes and systems of technological preparation of production, technical characteristics, design features, purpose and rules of operation of thermal power equipment; FK8: the ability to integrate knowledge from other disciplines, apply a systematic approach and take into account non-technical aspects when solving engineering problems and conducting research; FK9: the ability to evaluate the effectiveness of applied technical solutions and tools, feasibility and the possibility of applying new methods and technologies in the tasks of synthesizing control systems; critically evaluate the obtained results and defend the decisions made.
Learning outcomes: As a result of studying the academic discipline, the student must be able to demonstrate the following learning outcomes: - the ability to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the scientific and mathematical principles underlying thermal energy; - the ability to demonstrate knowledge of the basics of professionally oriented specialty disciplines in the field of thermodynamics, theory of heat and mass transfer, theory of heat exchange devices, theory of heat engines, methods of analysis of thermal networks, processes of production, transformation and transportation of thermal energy, technologies of system analysis, efficient energy use; - the ability to demonstrate in-depth knowledge in at least one area of ??heat energy: thermal power stations, heat energy systems and networks, heat and electricity production and distribution systems; - the ability to demonstrate knowledge and skills in conducting experiments, data collection and modeling in heat energy systems; - the ability to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of design methodologies, relevant regulatory documents, current standards and technical conditions; - the ability to demonstrate knowledge of the current state of affairs and the latest technologies in the field of electric power, electrical engineering and electromechanics; - work effectively both individually and as part of a team; – to identify, classify and describe the operation of systems and their components; – to combine theory and practice, as well as to make decisions and develop an activity strategy to solve the tasks of the specialty (specialization), taking into account universal human values, public, state and industrial interests; - perform appropriate experimental research and apply research skills on professional topics; – evaluate the obtained results and justify the decisions made; - ability to communicate, including oral and written communication in Ukrainian and one of the foreign languages ??(English, German, Italian, French, Spanish); – the ability to use various methods, in particular information technologies, for effective communication at the professional and social levels; - the ability to adapt to new situations and make decisions; - the ability to realize the need for lifelong learning in order to deepen acquired and acquire new professional knowledge; - the ability to take responsibility for the work performed and achieve the set goal in compliance with the requirements of professional ethics.
Required prior and related subjects: – prerequisites: technical thermodynamics, boiler installations of industrial enterprises, heat engines. – co-requisites: research in the prospects of reducing harmful emissions in the thermal power industry, protection against corrosion and conservation of thermal power plant equipment, design of thermal power facilities.
Summary of the subject: The basic concepts and principles of cogeneration. The classification of cogeneration units. The main advantages and disadvantages of cogeneration technology. The economic and environmental benefits of cogeneration. The reliability of cogeneration equipment. The heat recovery. The piston engine as the primary engine of a cogeneration unit. The ways of the energy efficiency improvement of an energy-saving circuit of a cogeneration unit based on a reciprocating internal combustion engine. The gas and steam turbine as the primary engine of a cogeneration unit. The heat losses in cogeneration cycles. The autonomous mode of the cogeneration unit based on a piston engine. The cogeneration, main problems, directions of development. The comparison of cogeneration systems. The application areas of cogeneration units. The industrial cogeneration units: advantages and disadvantages.
Опис: 1. Introduction. Basic concepts and principles of cogeneration. Classification of cogeneration plants. 2. Advantages of cogeneration technology - combined production of electricity and heat. 3. Directions for creating cogeneration plants. 4. Cogeneration plants (CHP) based on piston engines 5. Cogeneration plants based on gas turbines. 6. Cogeneration plants based on steam and gas turbines. 7. Thermal power plants – enterprises of combined production of heat and electricity. 8. Thermal efficiency of the CHP plant with combined production of heat and electricity 9. Heating is one of the areas of cogeneration development. 10. Application of cogeneration in various spheres of the national economy.
Assessment methods and criteria: lectures, practical classes, test, independent work.
Критерії оцінювання результатів навчання: Maximum score in points Current control (PC) - 30 points Examination control - 70 points Total for the discipline - 100 points
Порядок та критерії виставляння балів та оцінок: Points for current and exam control are assigned as a percentage of the maximum grade for the educational material of the component based on the following criteria for evaluating the student's knowledge and skills: 100–88% – awarded for a high level of knowledge (some inaccuracies are allowed) of the educational material of the component contained in the main and additional recommended literary sources, the ability to analyze the phenomena being studied, in their relationship and development, clearly, succinctly, logically, to consistently answer the questions, the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems.
Recommended books: 1. Stratehiia rozvytku palyvno-enerhetychnoho kompleksu Ukrainy do 2030 roku. – K. : Vyd-vo Min-va palyva ta enerhetyky Ukrainy, 2006. – 123 s. 2. Chepurnyi M. M. Enerhozberezhni tekhnolohii v teploenerhetytsi / M. M. Chepurnyi, S. Y. Tkachenko. – Vinnytsia : VTNU, 2009. – 114 s. 3. Teplova enerhetyka. Novi vyklyky chasu // [zb. statei za red. P. Omelianovskoho, Y. Mysaka]. – Lviv : NVF "Ukrainski tekhnolohii", 2009. – 658 s. 4. Horobets V.H., Bohdan Yu.O., Trokhaniak V.I. Teploobminne obladnannia dlia koheneratsiinykh ustanovok: [Monohrafiia]. – K.: «TsP «Komprynt», 2017. – 198 s. 5. Basok B.I. Analiz kogeneratsionnyih ustanovok. Klassifikatsiya i osnovnyie pokazateli / B.I. Basok, E.T. Bazeev, V.M. Didenko, D.A. Kolomeyko // Promyishlennaya teploenergetika. –2006. –T. 28. –№3.– S. 83–89.
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