Ecology of the Environment

Major: Environmental information systems
Code of subject: 6.183.03.O.011
Credits: 6.00
Department: Ecological Safety and Nature Protection Activity
Lecturer: PhD, Associate Professor Hyvliud A.
Semester: 2 семестр
Mode of study: денна
Мета вивчення дисципліни: The purpose of studying the academic discipline "Environmental Ecology" is to acquire fundamental knowledge and practical skills in ecological assessment of natural and anthropogenic impact on the environment.
Завдання: The study of an educational discipline involves the formation of education seekers competencies: general competences: INT. Ability to solve complex specialized problems and solve practical ones problems of a technical and technological nature in the field of ecology, environmental protection, balanced nature management, or the learning process, which involves the application of theoretical foundations and methods of technology environmental protection, and is characterized by the complexity and uncertainty of conditions. ZK07. Strive to preserve the environment and ensure sustainable development of society. professional competences: FK1 Ability to substantiate, select, calculate, design, modify, prepare for work and use modern technology and equipment for protection and rational use of air and water environments, land resources, waste management. KOM1 Ability to communicate, including oral and written communication in Ukrainian language and one of the foreign languages; KOM2 Ability to use various methods, in particular information technologies, for effective communication on professional and social levels. AiB1. Ability to adapt to new situations and make decisions; AiB2. Ability to recognize the need for lifelong learning with a purpose deepening of acquired and acquisition of new professional knowledge; AiB3. The ability to take responsibility for the work performed and achieve the set goals in compliance with the requirements of professional ethics
Learning outcomes: As a result of studying the academic discipline, the student must be able to demonstrate the following program learning outcomes: PR01. Know modern theories, approaches, principles of environmental policy, fundamental provisions of biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, biotechnology and professional and applied engineering and technological disciplines for modeling and solving specific nature protection tasks in production sphere. Lectures, practical classes - information-receptive method, heuristic method, method problematic statement. Independent work: reproductive method. Current control - enforcement and protection practical works PR04. Justify environmental protection technologies, based on an understanding of the mechanisms human impact on the environment environment and processes that take place in it. Lectures, practical classes - reproductive method, method problem statement, heuristic method. Independent work: research method. Current control is oral and frontal survey PR05. Be able to develop projects with environmental protection activities and manage complex actions regarding their implementation. Lectures, practical classes - problem statement method, heuristic method, information-receptive method. Independent work: research method. Current control - enforcement and protection practical works PR08. Be able to demonstrate skills of choice, planning, design and calculation operating parameters of individual species equipment, machinery and technologies environmental protection, using knowledge of the physicochemical properties of pollutants, parameters of technological processes and normative indicators of the environment. Lectures, practical classes - problem statement method, heuristic method, information-receptive method. Independent work: research method. Current control is oral and frontal survey PR12. Choose engineering methods environmental protection, search the latest technical and technological organizational solutions aimed at for introduction into production promising environmental protection development and modern equipment, analyze directions for improvement existing nature protection and renewable technologies ensuring environmental safety. Lectures, practical classes - problem statement method, heuristic method, information-receptive method. Independent work: research method. Current and examination control. Knowledge assessment methods: selective oral survey, tests The exam is a test control, written poll
Required prior and related subjects: Preliminary training disciplines 1. Introduction to the profession Accompanying and subsequent training disciplines 1. Engineering and computer graphics 2. Engineering ecology
Summary of the subject: Modern environmental problems around the world, Ukraine and its regions are closely interconnected, so a specialist in any specialty must be guided by both global and regional environmental problems that cause economic and social problems. This is important because each specialist works in a specific region, which is characterized by certain local
Опис: Chapter 1. General problems of ecology. Definition of ecology and its main concepts. Subject and object research, structure of ecology. Methods of ecological research. Main problems and scientific directions of modern ecology. 2. Chapter 2. History of the development of ecology. The main stages of the development of ecology as a science. Prerequisites formation of ecology as a science. Directions of development of ecology. 3. Chapter 3. Autecology. Body and environment. Ecological niche. General principles adaptation The most important abiotic factors and adaptations to them. 4. Chapter 4. Democology (population ecology). Concept of population. Structure of populations. Population dynamics. Management of populations and their viability. Types of interaction between populations. 5. Chapter 5. Ecosystemology. A systematic approach in ecology. Diversity of living systems. Ecology of groups (synecology) and ecosystemology. Consortia as elementary ecosystems. 6. Chapter 6. Functional ecology. The role of climate in the functioning of ecosystems. Functional role soil and litter. Functional role of the hydrosphere. Role phytocenosis in ecosystems. The role of microbocenosis in ecosystems. Functional role of zoocenosis in ecosystems. 7. Chapter 7. Characteristics of natural ecosystems. Classification of ecosystems. Classification of binomials. Forest ecosystems Grass types of ecosystems. Marsh ecosystems. 8. Chapter 8. Environmental characteristics of a person. Man and animals. Unique ecological features of man. Biological features of a person. Cultural inheritance. Environmental crisis of modern times. Demographic explosion. Demographic transition. Is it possible to limit the number? population of the earth? Ecoconversion. 9. Chapter 9. Agroecology. Agroecology as a separate section of ecology. The main ecological ones problems of modern agriculture. Solutions environmental problems of agriculture. Struggle with pests 10. Chapter 10. Impact of industrial activity on the environment. The main types of industrial production, their characteristics. Pollution of the biosphere and ecosystems. Migration of ingredients pollution in ecosystems and organisms. The impact of pollution environment on population and ecosystems. Main security measures and neutralization of man-made impact on ecosystems (general environmental optimization in industrial regions). Means saving technology in production. 11. Chapter 11. Urboecology. Object and subject of urboecological research. Natural spatial resources of the city. The city as a social and ecological system. Urban biogeocenoses. Gradient ordination of biogeocenotic city cover The city as a heterotrophic ecosystem. "Health" urban ecosystem. Crypto-indicative evaluation of the environment (assessment using cryptophytes). 12. Chapter 12. Optimal use of ecosystems and theirs components. Nature use as a science. Rational use natural resources. Expert assessment of the impact of the projected and carried out anthropogenic activity on the environment. Economical aspects of nature management. Legal aspects of the influence of activity person on the environment. 13. Chapter 13. Preservation of the natural environment The main areas of preservation of the natural environment. Global environmental problems and the state of the environment environment in Ukraine. International and state programs and legislative acts in the field of environmental protection and rational use of natural resources. Constant development and its provision.
Assessment methods and criteria: Assessment of the knowledge of students in the academic discipline is carried out on the basis of results of current and final controls. Current control (40%) is carried out during classes: performance practical works; protection of reports on practical classes. Final control (60%) is carried out during the exam: written component (50%); oral component (10%).
Критерії оцінювання результатів навчання: Criteria for evaluating the learning outcomes of education seekers Current control (PC): Together for discipline Practical Lessons: The maximum number of points for each practical work No. 1-4 - 2 points The maximum number of points for each report on practical classes No. 1-4 – 3 points - 20 Examination control: Total per PC - 20 Written component - 70 Oral component -10 Total for the discipline - 100
Порядок та критерії виставляння балів та оцінок: 100–88 points – (“excellent”) is awarded for a high level of knowledge (some inaccuracies are allowed) of the educational material of the component contained in the main and additional recommended literary sources, the ability to analyze the phenomena being studied in their interrelationship and development, clearly, succinctly, logically, consistently answer the questions, the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 87–71 points – (“good”) is awarded for a generally correct understanding of the educational material of the component, including calculations, reasoned answers to the questions posed, which, however, contain certain (insignificant) shortcomings, for the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical tasks; 70 – 50 points – (“satisfactory”) awarded for weak knowledge of the component’s educational material, inaccurate or poorly reasoned answers, with a violation of the sequence of presentation, for weak application of theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 49-26 points - ("not certified" with the possibility of retaking the semester control) is awarded for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 25-00 points - ("unsatisfactory" with mandatory re-study) is awarded for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to navigate when solving practical problems, ignorance of the main fundamental provisions.
Recommended books: 1. Zapolsky AK, Salyuk AI Fundamentals of Ecology: Textbook / Ed. К.М.Ситника. - Kyiv: Higher School, 2001. - 358 pp .: ill. 2. Zlobin Yu.A. Principles of Ecology. K., V-vo "Libra", 1998, 248 p. 3. Curly VP Ecology. –Lviv,: World. -2000. –499 p. 4. State sanitary rules for air protection populated areas. DSP-201-97. 5. Physico-chemical basics of wastewater treatment: Textbook. for colds. higher textbook lock / AK Zapolsky, NA Mishkova-Klimenkotain.– K
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