Technologies of Drinking Water Purification

Major: Environmental information systems
Code of subject: 6.183.03.M.037
Credits: 6.00
Department: Ecological Safety and Nature Protection Activity
Lecturer: PhD, Associate professor A. Hyvliud
Semester: 5 семестр
Mode of study: денна
Мета вивчення дисципліни: The purpose of the discipline is to form and consolidate knowledge and skills related to technology preparation of drinking water, natural reserves of which are limited and cannot be fully replenished to ensure the vital needs of the population. A specialist who has received training in water training, rational use of water resources should have knowledge of theoretical foundations technologies of water preparation, improvement of its quality, practical skills in calculation, design and operation of water treatment facilities.
Завдання: The study of an educational discipline involves the formation of education seekers competencies: general competences: IC01. Ability to solve complex specialized problems and solve practical ones problems of a technical and technological nature in the field of ecology, environmental protection, balanced nature use, or in the learning process, which involves application theoretical foundations and methods of environmental protection technologies, and characterized by complexity and complexity of conditions; ZK01. The ability to think abstractly, analysis and synthesis. ZK04. Skills in using information and communication technologies. ZK05. Ability to make informed decisions; ZK06. Ability to develop and manage projects. ZK07. Strive to preserve the environment and ensure sustainable development of society. professional competences: FK01. Ability to prevent environmental pollution and crisis phenomena and processes; FK02. The ability to substantiate, select, calculate, design, modify, prepare for work and use modern technology and equipment for protection and rational use of air and water environments, land resources, waste management. FK03. Ability to conduct observations and instrumental and laboratory control the environment, the influence of external factors on it, with the selection of samples (samples) natural components. FK06. Ability to design environmental protection systems and technologies and ensuring their functioning. FK08. Ability to ensure environmental safety. FCS1.7. The ability to substantiate projects of alternative energy technologies with taking into account the regional features of resource provision. FCS2.3. The ability to use knowledge and skills for calculation, research, selection, implementation and design of gas purification, water purification, reclamation technologies, systems and equipment. FCS2.4. Ability to identify, classify and describe the operation of protection technologies environment through analytical methods and modeling methods. FCS2.6. Ability to design gas purification, water purification, radiation safe and reclamation systems, their components, taking into account all the features of creation, configuration, operation, maintenance and utilization of resources. FCS2.7. The ability to argue the choice of nature conservation, nature protection and nature restoration methods for solving specialized environmental problems, critically evaluate obtained results and defend the decisions made. FCS2.8. Knowledge of technical characteristics, design features, purpose and rules of operation of air purification, water purification, reclamation, radiation equipment and facilities.
Learning outcomes: Knowledge related to the solution of drainage, design and calculation of sewage plants for treatment of industrial waste water of different companies.As a result of the study of the academic discipline, the student of education should be capable demonstrate the following learning outcomes: Learning outcomes Learning methods and teaching Level assessment methods achieving results teaching PR01. Know modern theories, approaches, principles of ecological policies, fundamental provisions in biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, biotechnology and professional and applied engineering and technological disciplines for modeling and solving specific environmental protection tasks in the production sphere. Lectures, practical classes - information-receptive method, heuristic method, problem statement method. Independent work: reproductive method. Current control - enforcement and protection practical works PR04. Justify environmental protection technologies, based on understanding mechanisms of human influence on environment and processes taking place in him Lectures, practical classes - reproductive method, method problem statement, heuristic method. Independent work: research method. Current control is oral and frontal survey PR05. Be able to develop projects with environmental protection activities and manage complex actions Lectures, practical classes - problem statement method, heuristic method, Current control - enforcement and protection practical works regarding their implementation. information-receptive method. Independent work: research method. PR08. Be able to demonstrate skills of choice, planning, design and calculation operating parameters of individual species equipment, machinery and technologies environmental protection environment, using knowledge of physical and chemical properties of pollutants, technological parameters processes and normative environmental indicators. Lectures, practical classes - problem statement method, heuristic method, information-receptive method. Independent work: research method. Current control is oral and frontal survey PR12. Choose engineering methods environmental protection, carry out search for the latest technological and organizational solutions aimed at introduction into production promising environmental protection development and modern equipment, analyze directions improvement of existing ones environmental protection and renewable technologies ensuring environmental safety. Lectures, practical classes - problem statement method, heuristic method, information-receptive method. Independent work: research method. Current control is oral and frontal survey
Required prior and related subjects: Previous: Environmental safety Background environmental monitoring Next: Environmental impact assessment environment Modeling and forecasting of the state of the environment
Summary of the subject: drainage systems and circuits industry; • conditions for the formation of waste water in industrial plants; • types of industrial waste water pollution; • methods and means of treatment of industrial waste water; • apparatus and installations for treatment of industrial waste water, their design features and principle of operation; • calculation of basic parameters facilities for sewage treatment.
Опис: 1. COMPOSITION, CHARACTERISTICS OF IMPURITIES AND POLLUTION NATURAL WATERS. General concepts about water impurities. Classification of natural waters. Water quality indicators. Classification of impurities by phase-dispersion state and selection water purification technologies based on it. 2. DETERMINATION OF THE NECESSARY DEGREE OF CLEANING WATER Calculation of the necessary degree of water purification according to addictive substances. Calculation of the required degree water purification by oxygen dissolved in the water of the reservoir. Calculation of the permissible water temperature before descent reservoir Determination of the necessary degree of water purification by changing the pH. Calculation of the required degree water purification according to the content of harmful substances 3. MECHANICAL WATER PURIFICATION. Grids. Mediator Sand traps Settling tanks. Hydrocyclones. Oil catchers. 4 - 4. BIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES WATER PURIFICATION. The essence and scope of biological application water purification Aerobic processes of water purification from organic substances. Anaerobic processes of water purification. Technology of biological water purification. Processing of sediments waste water 5. WATER DEcontamination TECHNOLOGY AND ITS RELEASE IN VODOYMYSHKA Disinfection of water with chlorine. Water disinfection ultraviolet radiation. Ozonation of water. Output water in reservoirs. 6. TECHNOLOGIES AND STRUCTURES OF WATER PURIFICATION. Mechanical water purification Advocacy in the field of centrifugal forces. Cleaning water by filtration method. Physico-chemical methods of cleaning. Cleaning by flotation. Chemical and electrochemical methods cleaning Regenerative and destructive methods of water purification from dissolved organic impurities. 7. DRAWING UP THE BALANCE SHEET OF WATER CONSUMPTION FOR WATER TREATMENT FACILITIES. Selection and justification technological scheme of water treatment and structure of buildings. Compilation of an elevation diagram of the location of water treatment facilities stations Layout of the water treatment station
Assessment methods and criteria: Assessment of the knowledge of students in the academic discipline is carried out on the basis of results of current and final controls. Current control (40%) is carried out during classes: performance practical works; protection of reports on practical classes. Final control (60%) is carried out during the exam: written component (50%); oral component (10%).
Критерії оцінювання результатів навчання: Criteria for evaluating the learning outcomes of education seekers Current control (PC): Together for discipline Practical Lessons: The maximum number of points for each practical work No. 1-4 - 2 points The maximum number of points for each report on practical classes No. 1-4 – 3 points - 20 Examination control: Total per PC - 20 Written component - 70 Oral component -10 Total for the discipline - 100
Порядок та критерії виставляння балів та оцінок: 100–88 points – (“excellent”) is awarded for a high level of knowledge (some inaccuracies are allowed) of the educational material of the component contained in the main and additional recommended literary sources, the ability to analyze the phenomena being studied in their interrelationship and development, clearly, succinctly, logically, consistently answer the questions, the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 87–71 points – (“good”) is awarded for a generally correct understanding of the educational material of the component, including calculations, reasoned answers to the questions posed, which, however, contain certain (insignificant) shortcomings, for the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical tasks; 70 – 50 points – (“satisfactory”) awarded for weak knowledge of the component’s educational material, inaccurate or poorly reasoned answers, with a violation of the sequence of presentation, for weak application of theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 49-26 points - ("not certified" with the possibility of retaking the semester control) is awarded for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 25-00 points - ("unsatisfactory" with mandatory re-study) is awarded for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to navigate when solving practical problems, ignorance of the main fundamental provisions.
Recommended books: 1. Фізико-хімічні основи технології очищення стічних вод: Підруч. для студ. вищ. навч. закл. /А.К.Запольський, Н.А.Мішкова-Клименко та ін.– К.: Лібра 2000.– 552 с. 2. Запольський А.К., Салюк А.І. Основи екології: Підручник /За ред. К.М.Ситника. – К.: Вища шк., 2001. – 358 с 3. Кучерявий В.П. Екологія. –Львів, :Світ. –2000. –499 с.
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Академічна доброчесність: The policy regarding the academic integrity of the participants of the educational process is formed on the basis of compliance with the principles of academic integrity, taking into account the norms "Regulations on academic integrity at the Lviv Polytechnic National University" (approved by the academic council of the university on June 20, 2017, protocol No. 35).