Environmental Monitoring, Part 1

Major: Environmental information systems
Code of subject: 6.183.03.O.032
Credits: 5.00
Department: Ecological Safety and Nature Protection Activity
Lecturer: Prof. V. Mokryy
Semester: 5 семестр
Mode of study: денна
Мета вивчення дисципліни: The purpose of teaching the discipline ? formation of theoretical knowledge, skills and practical skills of future ecologists, necessary for solving practical problems in the field of environmental monitoring; ? assimilation of modern knowledge on the legal, organizational and methodical foundations of environmental monitoring, ? study of the peculiarities of the application of natural science methods for environmental monitoring, the role and task of each of them in ensuring the control of the quality of life of mankind and the preservation of the natural environment.
Завдання: The task of studying the discipline ? study of environmental monitoring systems and methods; ? obtaining information on the current state of various components of the environment: surface, underground, drinking water, atmospheric air, soils, natural resources; ? comprehensive provision of information on qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the environment, necessary for quality control of objects, phenomena, environmental processes, ? study and comparison of environmental quality parameters, which contributes to the selection of optimal methods of monitoring environmental objects; ? acquisition of skills in solving engineering and technological problems of quality control, preservation, protection and improvement of the environment.
Learning outcomes: studying and learning of future specialists of scientific forecasting of pollution gas emissions and wastewater discharges into rivers and reservoirs; develop skills of engineering calculation within the design of methodologies of maximum permissible emissions and maximum permissible discharges using computers.
Required prior and related subjects: Engineering Ecology, fundamentals of meteorology
Summary of the subject: Sanitary regulation. Statistical models of dispersion from point sources. The theory of convection-diffusion scattering dirt. Principles of empirical definition, graphics and computational methods for determining the vertical and horizontal dispersion variances graphical and numerical methods. The method of calculating maximum allowable discharges based self-cleaning. The migration of contaminants in the geological environment.
Опис: Topic 1. State environmental monitoring program of Ukraine. Lecture 1.1. The concept of environmental monitoring. Essence, object, subject, methods of environmental monitoring. Formation and development of environmental monitoring as a branch of ecological science. Lecture 1.2. Classification of environmental monitoring systems. Approaches to the definition of environmental monitoring objects. Factors, indicators and indicators that are studied in the environmental monitoring system. Lecture 1.3. Functioning of the state environmental monitoring program of Ukraine. Subjects of the state environmental monitoring system. Functioning of the state environmental monitoring system. Interrelationships of subjects of the state environmental monitoring system. Lecture 1.4. Monitoring as a system of observation and assessment of the state of the geological environment. Organization of observations on the state of the natural environment. A system of monitoring the impact of anthropogenic factors on the environment. A system for assessing the state of the environment. Lecture 1.5. Monitoring as a system of modeling and forecasting the state of the environment. Concept of model and modeling. Types of models. Environmental forecasting and forecasting. Types of forecasts. Forecasting the impact of the consequences of anthropogenic influence on the surrounding natural environment. Lecture 1.6. Environmental monitoring data banks. Geoecological information systems. The concept of data banks in ecology. Information blocks of environmental monitoring. Geoecological information and analytical systems. Lecture 1.7. Monitoring of the natural environment within Ukraine. General provisions on regional and state monitoring systems. Structure and content of regional and state monitoring programs. Recommendations for environmental monitoring in the region. Topic 2. Organization of monitoring by environmental components. Lecture 2.1. Levels and types of monitoring. Principles of classification of monitoring systems. Environmental monitoring and its tasks. Lecture 2.2. Background monitoring and global environmental monitoring system. . Background monitoring, its role in assessing and forecasting the global state of the biosphere. Global environmental monitoring system. Lecture 2.3. Climate monitoring. Organization, purpose and tasks of climate monitoring. Types of climate monitoring. Lecture 2.4. Radioecological monitoring. Radioecological monitoring, its main components and tasks. Complex radioecological monitoring and its components. Methods of radiation control. Lecture 2.5. Monitoring of atmospheric air. Organization of atmospheric air observations. Posts of observations. Programs and terms of observations. Automated systems of observation and control of atmospheric air. Methods of assessing atmospheric air pollution, devices and sampling methods. Environmental standardization of atmospheric air quality. Lecture 2.6. Monitoring of surface waters. General provisions of surface water monitoring. Organization of surface water monitoring. Observation programs. Methods and terms of sampling. Automated water quality control system. Assessment of the ecological state of natural waters. Lecture 2.7. Soil cover monitoring. Scientific and organizational principles of soil monitoring. Types of soil and environmental monitoring. Monitoring of soil pollution. Evaluation of the ecological state of soils. Control final paper from the course "Environmental Monitoring"
Assessment methods and criteria: Assessment of the knowledge of students in the academic discipline is carried out on the basis of results of current and final controls. Current control (40%) is carried out during classes: performance practical works; protection of reports on practical classes. Final control (60%) is carried out during the exam: written component (50%); oral component (10%).
Критерії оцінювання результатів навчання: Criteria for evaluating the learning outcomes of education seekers Current control (PC): Together for discipline Practical Lessons: The maximum number of points for each practical work No. 1-4 - 2 points The maximum number of points for each report on practical classes
Порядок та критерії виставляння балів та оцінок: 100–88 points – (“excellent”) is awarded for a high level of knowledge (some inaccuracies are allowed) of the educational material of the component contained in the main and additional recommended literary sources, the ability to analyze the phenomena being studied in their interrelationship and development, clearly, succinctly, logically, consistently answer the questions, the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 87–71 points – (“good”) is awarded for a generally correct understanding of the educational material of the component, including calculations, reasoned answers to the questions posed, which, however, contain certain (insignificant) shortcomings, for the ability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical tasks; 70 – 50 points – (“satisfactory”) awarded for weak knowledge of the component’s educational material, inaccurate or poorly reasoned answers, with a violation of the sequence of presentation, for weak application of theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 49-26 points - ("not certified" with the possibility of retaking the semester control) is awarded for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to apply theoretical provisions when solving practical problems; 25-00 points - ("unsatisfactory" with mandatory re-study) is awarded for ignorance of a significant part of the educational material of the component, significant errors in answering questions, inability to navigate when solving practical problems, ignorance of the main fundamental provisions.
Recommended books: 1. Крышев И.И., Сазыкина Т.Г. Имитационные модели динамики экосистем в условиях антропогенного воздействия ТЭС и АЭС. — М.: Энергоатомиздат, 1992. — 176 с. 2. Джефферс Дж. Введение в системный анализ: применение в экологии. — Л.: Гидрометеоиздат, 1985. 3. Внуков А.Н. Защита атмосферы от выбросов энергоблоков. Справочник.- М.: Энергоатомиздат, 1990. — 184 с.
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Академічна доброчесність: The policy regarding the academic integrity of the participants of the educational process is formed on the basis of compliance with the principles of academic integrity, taking into account the norms "Regulations on academic integrity at the Lviv Polytechnic National University" (approved by the academic council of the university on June 20, 2017, protocol No. 35).