Ecology of Urban Systems

Major: Environmental information systems
Code of subject: 6.183.03.O.043
Credits: 5.00
Department: Ecological Safety and Nature Protection Activity
Lecturer: PhD, Assoc. Prof. Ruda M.V.
Semester: 7 семестр
Mode of study: денна
Мета вивчення дисципліни: The main purpose of studying the discipline "Ecology of urban systems" is to: - to form knowledge about the influence of the city, as a super-geo-social system, on its ecological state, ensuring ecological balance, sustainable ecological and comprehensive development of the engineering and technical infrastructure of cities, creating a favorable environment, rational use of the natural resource potential of the urban territory and creating a high level of quality of life of the urban people; - to obtain the basics of knowledge that contribute to the formation of an ecological worldview regarding the unity and close relationship between the components of natural systems and the functioning of the city's engineering systems; - learn the principles of the work of the constituent urban systems and be able to make organizational, regulatory, environmental and other decisions that ensure the environmentally safe functioning of the urban engineering and technical infrastructure; - to form concepts about methods of ecological compensation and territorial planning measures that will contribute to the achievement of global goals of sustainable development of cities.
Завдання: The study of an educational discipline involves the formation of competences in students of education: general competences: IC01. The ability to solve complex specialized tasks and solve practical problems of a technical and technological nature in the field of ecology, environmental protection, balanced nature management, or in the learning process, which involves the application of theoretical foundations and methods of environmental protection technologies, and is characterized by the complexity and complexity of conditions; ZK02. Knowledge of the subject area of ??higher mathematics, physics, chemistry with the basics of biogeochemistry, biology, their critical understanding for professional activity; ZK04. Skills in using information and communication technologies; ZK05. Ability to make informed decisions; ZK06. Ability to develop and manage projects; ZK06. Ability to develop and manage projects. ZK07. Strive to preserve the environment and ensure the sustainable development of society. professional competences: FK01. Ability to prevent environmental pollution and crisis phenomena and processes. FK02. The ability to substantiate, select, calculate, design, modify, prepare for work and use modern machinery and equipment for the protection and rational use of air and water environments, land resources, waste management; FK04. The ability to control the pollution of the air basin, water bodies, soil cover and geological environment; FK06. Ability to design environmental protection systems and technologies and ensure their functioning. FK07. Ability to manage (placement and disposal) of waste. FCS1.2. Ability to apply professional knowledge and practical skills to ensure environmental safety of water ecosystems.
Learning outcomes: PR01. To know modern theories, approaches, principles of environmental policy, fundamental provisions of biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, biotechnology and professional and applied engineering-technological disciplines for modeling and solving specific environmental problems in the production sphere. PR04. To substantiate environmental protection technologies, based on the understanding of the mechanisms of human influence on the environment and the processes taking place in it. PR06. To justify and apply natural and artificial systems and processes at the basis of environmental protection technologies, according to the ecological imperative and the concept of sustainable development. PR14. Be able to justify the degree of compliance of existing or predicted environmental conditions with the task of protecting, preserving and restoring the environment.
Required prior and related subjects: Ecology of the environment Environmental protection during business activities Organization of management in environmental protection activities Technological design of environmental protection equipment
Summary of the subject: At the current stage of society's development, the problem of ecologically sound development of urban areas is becoming increasingly acute. The process of urbanization, the main characteristic of which is the violation of the dynamic balance and self-organization of natural systems, acquires a global character in the modern world. A modern city is not only a prerequisite for ensuring comfortable living and life activities of the population, but above all, it is a complex ecosystem, the stability of which depends on ensuring the dynamic balance of urban systems. The rapid development of urban areas leads to the emergence of a number of environmental problems, the solution of which is impossible without a systematic study of interrelated elements: territories, population, natural, man-made and social environment. And in this context, the ecology of urban systems is almost the most important, driving force on the way to overcoming the problems caused by the rapid development of urbanization. As part of the course, materials on environmental problems of urban areas, possible ways of solving the most pressing issues and the main directions of ensuring an ecologically safe existence and progressive, nature-preserving development of society are presented.
Опис: Urbanization: changing the natural environment. Growth of cities and their population. Sources and ways of urbanization. The phenomenon of hyperurbanization. Natural and spatial resources of the city. The city and its soil cover. The air pool of the city. City water. Noise pollution. Energy of urbanized regions. Vegetation and animal world of urbanized areas. Landscape and ecological basis of the city. Urban landscape. The genesis of the urban landscape. Dynamics of the urban landscape. Functional urban landscapes. The city as a social and ecological system. A simple formula of the "city" system. A complex formula of the "city" system. Types of urboecosystem relationships. Ecological unit of the urboecosystem. Landscape and ecological classification of the biogeocenotic layer. Social block of the city. The city as a system within a large system of cities. Biogeocenotic cover of the city. Structural and functional organization of biogeocenosis. Classification of biogeocenotic cover of the city. Cultivation of urban biogeocenoses. Gradient ordination of biogeocenotic cover. Urban ecotopes. Urban soils (urban edaphotopes). Climate of the city (urban climatopes). Pollutant-polluting factor. Urban biocenoses. Phytocenoses of the city and suburban zone. Urban zoocenoses. Microcoenoses. Structure and dynamics of urban populations. Operational systems of urban economy. System of public centers, institutions and service enterprises. Construction and improvement of residential quarters. Street and road network. Classification of city streets and roads. Transport hubs. Road and transport facilities. Transport classification of cities and classification of urban transport. Landscaping of cities and creation of recreational areas.Technologies of city adaptation to climate change. Vulnerability of cities to climate change. Characteristics of the main negative consequences of climate change for a large city. Assessment of the city's vulnerability to climate change. Recommendations for the development of city adaptation measures to climate change. Phytovitality and methods of assessment of urban systems. Urbogenic disruptive factors and phytovitality. The effect of gasification on the vitality of woody plants. Bioindication as an approach to environmental assessment. Crypto-indicative evaluation of the environment. Microbiological assessment of urban soils. Phenorhythmics of woody plants and assessment of their phytovitality. Ecological zoning of the city and phenotypes. Ecosystem health and problems of phytoremediation. Health of the urban ecosystem. Phytomelioration. Environmental quality management.
Assessment methods and criteria: Assessment of the knowledge of students in the academic discipline is carried out on the basis of the results of the current and final examinations. Current control (40%) is carried out during classes: performance of practical work; protection of reports on practical classes. The final control (60%) is carried out during the credit control work: written component (60%).
Критерії оцінювання результатів навчання: Practical training The maximum number of points for each practical work No. 1-6 - 2 points The maximum number of points for each report on practical classes No. 1-6 is 2 points Abstract - 16 Current control is 40 Examination control written component – ??50 oral component – ??10 Total for the discipline - 100
Recommended books: Навчально – методичне забезпечення 1. Екологія міських систем: конспект лекцій для студентів першого (бакалаврського) рівня вищої освіти спеціальності 183 «Технології захисту навколишнього середовища» / М.В. Руда – Львів: Видавництво Національного університету «Львівська політехніка». 2022. – 464 с. 2. Методичні вказівки до проведення практичних занять № 1 – 6 з дисципліни «Екологія міських систем» для студентів першого (бакалаврського) рівня вищої освіти Інституту сталого розвитку ім. В. Чорновола, спеціальності 183 «Технології захисту навколишнього середовища» / М.В. Руда – Львів: Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2022. – с. 24. 3. Методичні вказівки до самостійної роботи з дисципліни «Екологія міських систем» для студентів першого (бакалаврського) рівня вищої освіти Інституту сталого розвитку ім. В. Чорновола, спеціальності 183 «Технології захисту навколишнього середовища» / М.В. Руда – Львів: Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2022. – с. 24. Базова 1. Кучерявий В.П. Уробоекологія. – Львів: Світ, 1999. – 440 с. 2. Кучерявий В.П. Фітомеліорація. – Львів: Світ, 2003. – 440 с. 2. Екологія: підручник для студентів вищих навчальних закладів / під заг. Ред.. О.Є.Пахомова. – Харків: Фоліо, 2014. – 666 с. 3. Основи екології та соціоекології: навчальний посібник. Електронний ресурс - Львів : Афіша, 1998. – 210с. 4. Екологія: підручник для студентів вищих навчальних закладів: Електронний ресурс / під заг. Ред.. О.Є.Пахомова. – Харків: Фоліо, 2014. – 666 с. 5. Василенко І.А. Урбоекологія / І.А. Василенко, О.А. Півоваров, І.М. Трус, А.В. Іванченко – Дніпро: Акцент ПП, 2017. – 309 с. 6. Запольський А. К., Салюк А. І. Основи екології: Підручник / За ред. К. М. Ситника. – К.: Вища школа, 2001. – 358 с. 7. Климчук О.М. Екологія міських систем: навч. посіб. Частина 1. / О. М. Климчик, А. П. Багмет, Є. М. Данкевич, С. І. Матковська, за ред. О. М. Климчик. – Житомир: Видавець О.О. Євенок, 2016. – 460 с. 8. Климчук О.М. Екологія міських систем: навч. посіб. Частина 2. / О. М. Климчик, А. П. Багмет, Є. М. Данкевич, С. І. Матковська, за ред. О. М. Климчик. – Житомир: Видавець О.О. Євенок, 2017. – 458 с. 9. Франчук Г.М. Урбоекологія і техноекологія: підруч. / Г.М. Франчук, О.І. Запорожець, Г.І. Архіпова. – К.: Вид-во Нац. авіац. ун-ту «НАУдрук», 2011. – 496 с. 10. Чорна В.І. Екологія міських систем: Практикум. Навчальний посібник / В.І. Чорна, В.В. Кацевич, Т.М. Косогова. – ДніпропетровськЛуганськ, 2012. – 160 с.