Petrography and Applied Materials Science of Natural Stones 

Major: Fine Arts, Decorative Art, Restoration
Code of subject: 6.023.00.O.23
Credits: 4.00
Department: Chemical Technology of Silicate Materials
Lecturer: assoc. prof. Semegen Roman Ivanovych
Semester: 4 семестр
Mode of study: денна
Learning outcomes: - the main types of natural stone materials and their petrographic features; - methods for evaluating the properties of natural stone materials and products; - basic parameters of identification of materials by the method of X-ray diffraction analysis; - to characterize materials based on natural stone materials; - possess methods of assessing the quality of materials; - to use the basic principles of the theory of the symmetry of the internal structure of crystals and its relation with their external form; - to distinguish between the types of elementary cells as the basis of the structure of crystalline substances; - use the principles of coordination of material particles in the construction of their crystalline structures; - to establish the relationship between the composition, structure and properties of crystalline substances; - It is rational to approach the selection of raw materials and parameters of the technological processes of working with stone from the positions of petrography.
Required prior and related subjects: – Physics – Specialty Chemistry
Summary of the subject: Тask and role of the course of petrography. The notion of rocks. Basic properties of rocks and their comparative analysis. Minerals and rocks. Morphology of minerals and their aggregates. Methods of determination of rocks. Physical properties of minerals. Density Relationship of properties with crystalline structure, chemical composition. Optical properties of crystals. Mineral color. Crystal-optical analysis. Classification of microscopes by design and research principle. The concept of a crystal and a crystalline substance, their basic properties. Symmetry of crystals. Fence of ideal crystals. Simple forms and combinations. Forms of real crystals. Gaoy's law. Crystallographic axes. The symbols of the faces Classification of rocks by origin. Relationship between conditions of the formation of rocks, their structure and properties. A brief analysis of the use of rocks in architecture. The main types of igneous rocks. Forms of their occurrence, composition, structure and texture of igneous rocks. The main types of sedimentary rocks. Forms of their occurrence, structure, structure and texture of sedimentary rocks. The main types of metamorphic rocks. Forms of their occurrence, structure, structure and texture of metamorphic rocks. The prevalence and description of metamorphic rocks. Reasons for the diversity of metamorphic rocks.
Assessment methods and criteria: • written reports on laboratory work, oral examination, control work 40%) • final control 60% control measure, test), written-oral form (60%)
Recommended books: Basic 1. Toropov N.A., Bulak L.N. Crystallography and mineralogy. L., Stroyizdat, 1972, 503p. 2. Popov GM, Shafranovsky G.G. Crystallography. Higher school, Lviv, 1968, 352p. 3. Kurovets MI Crystallography and mineralogy. Lviv, "World", 1996, p. 235c., Ch.II 214p. 4. Shaskolskaya MP Crystallography. M., "Higher school", 1976, 391p. Auxiliary 1. Gumilevsky S.A., Kirshon VM, Lugovskoy G.P. Crystallography and mineralogy. M., "Higher school", 1972, 280 p. 2. Toropov N.A., Bulak L.N. Laboratory Workshop on Mineralogy. L., Stroyizdat, 1969, 240p. 3. Perepelitsyn V.A. Fundamentals of technical mineralogy and petrography. Subsoil - M .: 1987. 4. Lazarenko Ye.K. Course of mineralogy. Lviv "Higher school", 1959, 485p